Raising Global Banks With Higher Capital


The recapitalisation information shook the banking world on Monday. But, it was a seed sown at the World Bank meeting in america (U.S.) in April. Unveiling his arrange for another five years, Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) Governor Godwin Emefiele said recapitalisation is the way to go for Nigerian banks to be among the top 500 in the world. What will be the new capital foundation? Some experts say it might be between N100billion and N63billion.

In April, a voice seeking higher capital for banking institutions sounded noisy and clear from a faraway land. It had been at the Spring meetings of the World Bank/International Monetary Fund (IMF) in Washington, USA (U.S.). If they would like to compete globally, the banking institutions, IMF said, must recapitalise and reinforce their capital foundation.

At the African session of the yearly event, IMF Monetary and Capital Markets Department Director Tobias Adrian advised the banks to seek higher capital through recapitalisation and also tackle increasing Non-Performing Loans (NPLs). His advice was heeded on Monday when Central Bank or investment company of Nigeria (CBN) Governor Godwin Emefiele unfolded his plan direction for the next five years, with recapitalisation of banking institutions topping the list. 12 billion non-oil exports by 2023 and increase financial inclusion to 95 percent by 2024 while retaining the managed-float exchange rate. The CBN guidelines stipulate that regional banks will need to have a minimum paid-up capital of N10 billion, nationwide banking institutions, N25 billion and banks with international functions N50 billion.

According to Emefiele, the 2004 recapitalisation, which increased banking institutions’ capital foundation from N2 billion to N25 billion, has weakened. He programs to pursue a program that will make the banking institutions rank among the top 500 in the world. He said: “Within the next five years, we plan to pursue a programme of recapitalising the banking industry so as to position Nigerian banking institutions among the very best 500 in the world.

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Banks will, therefore, be required to maintain higher level of capital, as well as liquid property in order to reduce the impact of an economic problems on the financial system. “You might all agree with me that it was Governor Charles Soludo in 2004 that do the last recapitalisation we had, moving the capitalisation from N2 billion to N25 billion.

75 million. What we are trying to say is that recapitalisation has weakened quite considerably and there’s a dependence on us to say it is time for you to recapitalise Nigerian banks again. Chartered Institute of Bankers of Nigeria (CIBN) President Uche Olowu said the CBN has industry data and the right information on why the banking institutions should recapitalise.

Recapitalisation, he said, would provide more funds for the banks to do business, consumer credit especially, mortgage finance, that they have never been given any concern. According to him, recapitalisation will give banks the charged power to take benefit of opportunities in the industry, and give more to the real sector. Many banks, he said, acquired eroded their capital due to the high level of NPLs, adding that recapitalisation shall present a new lifeline for the banks. “For me personally, recapitalisation of the banks is okay. I have no issue with that, rather, I see opportunities it presents to the overall economy and the lenders. It shall be a wholesome development for the banks to recapitalise.

Normally, every once in awhile, there is always a need for recapitalisation of the banking sector. For banks with regional operations, recapitalisation will allow them to raise the needed capital for more coverage,” Olowu said. Association of Bureau de Change Operators of Nigeria (ABCON) President Aminu Gwadabe said recapitalisation would help the banking institutions remove toxic property using their balance sheets which make it difficult for them to lend. The exercise, he added, will help the lenders catch the attention of new foreign and local traders that provides the needed capital to allow them to take bigger tasks, including investment in infrastructure.

He said the banking institutions were not lending as expected, adding that recapitalisation will provide them with the right capital combine to provide to larger sections of the overall economy. Former Executive Director, Keystone Bank or investment company Richard Obire said recapitalisation would draw it depends answers depending on where one stands. He described the NPLs as real and high, noting that a variety of banks, including the tier-1 lenders are influenced by the rise in bad loans.

According to him, if the best banking institutions are groaning under the responsibility of NPLs, what happens to small banks? He said: “Banks’ capitals have been eroded. In 2004 when the recapitalisation took place, the actual exchange rate was at that right time, differs from what it is at present.